Published at Wednesday, February 28th 2018. by rudolf in Fish Tank.
I say think about the fish because that will effect the next two decisions. Which substrate and plants. Substrate is the gravel or sand that goes on the base of the tank. If you go for fish that feed at the bottom of the tank the substrate needs to suit them as well as the plants. Sand or Fine Gravel is recommended for bottom feeders. Choose the easy to look after fish to start with. They tend to be cheaper and are more likely to survive if you make mistakes.
Now, think about the fish which fish you want, dont buy them but do think about what fish you want. Is this going to be a species tank or a community tank. I like community tanks simply because I like to see how the fish interact with each other. Choose some top middle and bottom feeders to balance the tank. Make sure that they all get on together. A bit of research and planning will avoid potential problems later. Most aquarium shops will advice on compatibility of fish.
Half fill the tank with water. Ideally, use dechlorinated water, or add chlorine remover in the recommended dosage. Place a dish in the tank on top of the gravel and pour the water gently onto the dish. This will create minimum disturbance to the gravel.
Also clean all equipment that will be used in your new aquarium fish tank and rinse thoroughly. Even a tiny amount of leftover detergent can kill your fish so do not skimp on the rinsing process. Gravel should be rinsed under running water until the water runs clear. Plants can be stored in a clean bucket of water while you set up your fish tank.
In such cases, prevention is much better than cure, and you should clean the tank regularly to avoid these problems. The fish tank should have good-quality water and the fishes should be provided with a balanced diet. Poor quality water can stress out the fish so youll need to take care that the water is of good quality and aerated properly. Generally their immune systems are strong enough to protect them from a few disease-causing organisms, but if you prefer not to leave anything to chance, youll need to start cleaning the tank on a regular basis. You should check the tank regularly to ensure that the fishes are in good health, and do not end up falling prey to some disease. You can generally make this out form observing any changes in their physical appearance or in their activities. If you do notice the same, then its time to start cleaning the filter, the tank and change at least one third of the water in the aquarium.
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