Published at Sunday, May 20th 2018. by rudolf in Fish Tank.
When setting up your aquarium try to avoid placing it in direct sunlight, which will cause algae to grow in the tank. Remember it will need to be situated near a power outlet as many items of tank equipment require a power source.
Now it is time for patience. The biggest mistake that most people make with a fish tank set up it is not cycling the tank properly. Your fish will be living in their own toilet. Their waste together with any uneaten food will rot and create Ammonia which is poisonous to them. So you need to allow the nitrogen cycle to establish fully before adding any fish. There are several ways of speeding this up but I find the household ammonia method the quickest and easiest.
Now, think about the fish which fish you want, dont buy them but do think about what fish you want. Is this going to be a species tank or a community tank. I like community tanks simply because I like to see how the fish interact with each other. Choose some top middle and bottom feeders to balance the tank. Make sure that they all get on together. A bit of research and planning will avoid potential problems later. Most aquarium shops will advice on compatibility of fish.
OK time to start. Place the aquarium in its final position, set up all the equipment like lights filter etc. but dont plug anything in yet. Clean the tank with clean water. Do not use soap or chemicals. Wash your Gravel or sand until it runs clear. Mix laterite with about a third of your substrate and spread it over the base of the tank. Add the remainder of the substrate covering the base layer evenly and landscaping it as you want it. Put a plate in the bottom of the tank and add your water pouring gently onto the plate to avoid disturbing the laterite. Add your water conditioner to remove any chlorine.
Turn on the filter and the heater and ensure they are working before filling the aquarium to the top with dechlorinated water. This will start the process of tank cycling which is the process of eliminating excess ammonia from the tank.
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